导读:考研英语中的写作部分总分25分,占了我们英语考试很大的比重。尤其是到现阶段,很多考生开始备考英语的写作,一般的做法都是疯狂的背模板,但是这种方法真的有效吗?或者说大家清楚模板当中的写作思路吗?背诵当然是必不可少的,但是我们得清楚写作到底该怎么写,也就是写作思路。这里以2011年的大作文为例,来给大家谈一谈我们的考研英语大作文到底该怎么写。

首先,我们要清楚的是大作文的写作框架.我们的大作文一般分为三段来写,分别是图表阐释段、分析论证段和总结预测段.

 
其次,要确定图表是动态图还是静态图(因为图表不同,写作思路不同)
 
以2011年的真题为例,不同汽车品牌在2008,2009年的市场份额,我们可以判断这是动态图(数据随着时间变化而发生变化的是动态图)的图表类型.动态图的首段写作思路一共要写四句话:图表标题+整体表现+最大变化(静态图的第三句话为“最大差异”)+过渡句.所以第一段为: It goes without saying that the chart records +标题, which successfully arouses our curiosity. As is clearly reflected by the chart, 指数 witnessed great changes from 时间 to 时间. Especially, 某指数 has experienced the most dramatic change, jumping from 数字 to 数字 during this time. Obviously, the inclinations, clearly reflected by the chart, should be given more consideration.
 
接下来我们要根据图标的具体内容填补空缺.第一个空缺我们需要翻译标题,按照四步翻译法(划分词组+翻译词组+倒序排列+添加介词),得出标题:the market shares of some brands in 2008 and 2009.指数是the market shares of Chinese cars,Japanese cars and American cars.指数是the sales of Chinese cars..这样,我们就完整地写出了第一段.
 
在写第二段时,我们需要先确定分析切入的角度(一般可以从原因或者影响角度去分析,具体分析时原因和影响二选一).确定好之后,再去确定思路(关键句+具体原因/影响)和语言表达并在草稿纸上书写出来,最后再根据真题填补空缺并答题.
 
(原因)
 
Theoretically, several reasons may trigger the trend that 最大变化/差异, but for my part, the following two are of great importance. On the top of list is that +原因一. In addition, there is the other point that no one can ignore. It is universally admitted that +原因二.
 
(影响)
 
Theoretically, the trend that 最大变化/差异 brings us many influences, but for my part, the following two are of utmost importance. On the top of list is that +影响一. In addition, there is the other point that no one can ignore. It is universally admitted that +影响二.
 
在写第三段时,我们的写作思路是两句话,一句话是对未来趋势的预测(一般答“这种社会现象或者趋势会持续存在”即可),另一句话是具体建议.这里,给大家写个范本作为参考.According to the analysis above, it is obvious that the trend reflected by the chart will sustain for some time in the future.It is advisable for us to maximize its advantages and minimize its disadvantages.
 
以上是我们对大作文写作真题的讲解,希望对同学们有所帮助.